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MNEMONICS IN NEUROLOGY

Pin-point pupil causes
Pin-Point Pupils are due to oPioids and Pontine Pathology

---Anonymous Contributor
 
Babinski and LMN signs: conditions exhibiting them
"D MASTS":
Diabetes
Motor neuron disease
Ataxia (friedrichs)
Subacute combined degeneration of cord
Tabo paresis
Syringobulbia

---G.S. Dutt
 
Peripheral neuropathies: differential
DANG THERAPIST:
Diabetes
Amyloid
Nutritional (eg B12 deficiency)
Guillain-Barre
Toxic (eg amiodarone)
Heriditary
Endocrine
Recurring (10% of G-B) Alcohol
Pb (lead)
Idiopathic
Sarcoid
Thyroid

---Ben Campbell University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand
 
Dementia: some common causes
DEMENTIA:
Diabetes
Ethanol
Medication
Environmental (eg CO poisoning)
Nutritional
Trauma
Infection
Alzheimer's

---Anonymous Contributor
 
Vertigo: differential
VOMITS:
Vestibulitis
Ototoxic drugs
Meniere's disease
Injury
Tumor
Spin (benign positional vertigo)

---Dr. J.G. Norris
 
Ramsay-Hunt syndrome: cause and common feature
"Ramsay Hunt":
Etiology:
Reactivated
Herpes zoster
Complication:
Reduced
Hearing

---Rinku S. Uberoi UNIBE
 
Stroke risk factors
HEADS:
Hypertension/ Hyperlipidemia
Elderly
Atrial fib
Diabetes mellitus/ Drugs (cocaine)
Smoking/ Sex (male)

---Rinku S. Uberoi UNIBE
 
Multiple sclerosis (MS): epidemiology
MS is a feminine title (Ms.) and is female predominant.

---Anonymous Contributor
 
Neuropathy: diagnosis confirmation
NEuropathy:
Nerve conduction velocity
Electromyography

---Rinku S. Uberoi
 
Battle sign
BattlE:
Behind Ear

---Anonymous Contributor
Neurofibromatosis: diagnostic criteria
ROLANDO:
Relative (1st degree)
Osseous fibromas
Lisch nodules in eyes
Axillary freckling
Neurofibromas
Dime size cafe au lait spots
Optic gliomas

---Balraj Jhawar The University of Western Ontario
 
Proximal myopathy: differential
PEACH PODS:
Polymyositis
Endocrine: hyper, hypothyroidism, Cushing's syndrome, acromegaly
Alcohol
Carcinoma
HIV infection
Periodic hypokalemic paralysis
Osteomalacia
Drugs: steroids, statins
Sarcoidosis

---Anonymous Contributor
 
Dementia: reversible dementia causes
DEMENTIA:
Drugs/ Depression
Elderly
Multi-infarct/ Medication
Environmental
Nutritional
Toxins
Ischemia
Alcohol

---Mohamed Azim Assistant lecturer of Pediatric Surgery, Alexandria University, Egypt
 
Stroke: young patient's likely causes
7 C's:
Cocaine
Consanguinity [familial such as neurofibromatosis and von Hippel-Lindau]
Cancer
Cardiogenic embol
hyperCoagulation
CNS infection [eg: HIV conditions]
Congenital arterial lesion

---Samuel Atom Baek-Kim Tuckahoe, N.Y.
 
Encephalitis: differential
HE'S LATIN AMERICAN:
Herpesviridae
Enteroviridae (esp. Polio)
Slow viruses (esp. JC, prions)
Syphilis
Legionella/ Lyme disease/ Lymphocytic meningoencephalitis
Aspergillus
Toxoplasmosis
Intracranial pressure
Neisseria meningitidis
Arboviridae
Measles/ Mumps/ Mycobacterium tuberculosis/ Mucor
E. coli
Rabies/ Rubella
Idiopathic
Cryptococcus/ Candida
Abscess
Neoplasm/ Neurocysticercosis
Neurocysticercosis should be assumed with recent Latin American immigrant patient unless proven otherwise.

---Samuel Atom Baek-Kim Tuckahoe, NY
 
Head trauma: rapid neuro exam
12 P's:
Psychological (mental) status
Pupils: size, symmetry, reaction
Paired ocular movememts
Papilloedema
Pressure (BP, increased ICP)
Pulse and rate
Paralysis, Paresis
Pyramidal signs
Pin prick sensory response
Pee (incontinent)
Patellar relex (and others)
Ptosis
Reevaluate patient every 8 hrs.

---Ernest Boiselier, MD and Sung Kim Attending physician, ISSSTE, Juarez, Mexico
 
Neurofibromatosis: diagnositic criteria (type-1)
CAFE SPOT:
Cafe-au-lait spots
Axillary, inguinal freckling
Fibroma
Eye: lisch nodules
Skeletal (bowing leg, etc)
Pedigree/ Positive family history
Optic Tumor (glioma)

---Hui-quan Zhao Children's Hospital Cincinnati
 
Pupillary dilatation (persistent): causes
3AM:
3rd nerve palsy
Anti-muscarinic eye drops (eg to facilitate fundoscopy)
Myotonic pupil (Holmes Adie pupil): most commonly in young women, with absent/delayed reaction to light and convergence, and of no pathological significance.

---Gajan Rajeswaran Final Year Medical Student, Imperial College School Of Medicine, London
 
Ocular bobbing vs. dipping
"Breakfast is fast, Dinner is slow, both go down":
Bobbing is fast.
Dipping is slow.
In both, the initial movement is down.

---Parameswaran Doctor
 
Huntington's: chromosome, involvement
HUNT 4 DATE:
HUNTington's on chromosome 4, with cauDATE nucleus involvement.

---Syed Medical doctor
Dementia: treatable causes
DEMENTIA:
Drug toxicity
Emotional (depression, anxiety, OCD, etc.)
Metabolic (electrolytes, liver dz, kidney dz, COPD)
Eyes/ Ears (peripheral sensory restrictions)
Nutrition (vitamin, iron deficiencies/ NPH [Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus]
Tumors/ Trauma (including chronic subdural hematoma)
Infection (meningitis, encephalitis, pneumonia, syphilis)
Arteriosclerosis and other vascular disease

---Dr. Bill Lynch, originated by Dr. Jerome Yesavage Palo Alto Veterans Affairs Medical Center
 
Whipple's disease: features [for neurologists]
A WHIPPLES DOOM:
Arthralgias
Whipplei (organism)
Hypothalamic involvement
Intestinal involvement/ Intestinal biopsy required
PAS positive macrophages
PCR positivity
Lymphadenopathy
Extrapyramidal involvement
Septran treat with
Dementia
Ocular abnormalities (vertical gaze palsy)
Oculomasticatory myorhythmia
Myoclonus

---Bobby Varkey SCTIMST
 
Congenital myopathy: features
DREAMS:
Dominantly inherited, mostly
Reflexes decreased
Enzymes normal
Apathetic floppy baby
Milestones delayed
Skeletal abnormalities

---Bobby Varkey SCTIMST
 
Chorea: common causes
St. VITUS'S DANCE:
Sydenhams
Vascular
Increased RBC's (polycythemia)
Toxins: CO, Mg, Hg
Uremia
SLE
Senile chorea
Drugs
APLA syndrome
Neurodegenerative conditions: HD, neuroacanthocytosis, DRPLA
Conception related: pregnancy, OCP's
Endocrine: hyperthyroidism, hypo-, hyperglycemia

---Bobby Varkey SCTIMST
 
Status epilepticus: treatment
"Thank Goodness All Cerebral Bursts Dissipate":
Thiamine
Glucose
Ativan
Cerebyx
Barbiturate
Diprivan

---J.D. Broughton, MD
 
Balint's syndrome
SOOT:
Simultagnosia
Optic ataxia
Ocular apraxia
Tunnel vision

---Bobby Varkey SCTIMST
 
Visual loss: persistent bilateral sudden onset visual loss differential
FLOP:
Functional
Leber's hereditary neuropathy
Occipital infarctions
Pituitary apoplexy

---Dr. Bobby Varkey SCTIMST
 
Perinaud's syndrome: clinical features
PERINAUD'S:
Pseudo 6th nerve palsy/ Penial region
Eyelid Retraction
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia
Nystagmus
Accomodation reflex present
Upward gaze palsy
Defective convergence/ Decerebrate rigidity
Skew deviation

---Ram Mohan Svrr Tirupathi AP India
 
Benidict's syndrome: site affected
Benidict's test for sugar gives red precipitate.
Similarly, Benidict's syndrome affects red nucleus.

---Ram Mohan Svrr Tirupathi AP India
 
Stroke: basic work up
The 3 P's:
Pump
Pipes
Plasma

---Anonymous Contributor

 

 

 

From MedicalMnemonics